But the following guidelines will help you to construct a suitable beginning and end for your essay.
Most of the advice in this handout pertains to argumentative or exploratory academic essays.
Paragraphs in the main body of your assignment usually contain a number of sentences which develop new ideas or expand upon existing ones.
You may also need to construct paragraphs which offer contrasting views on the ideas you have already developed.
Examples/evidence/quotations: You will usually need to include evidence that develops/contrasts an idea. Try and introduce your evidence clearly and remember to reference the source (either as a citation in the body of your text or as a footnote/endnote).
Evaluative sentence/s: You may need to offer some explanation on the relevance of your examples/evidence/quotations. What does the author say that supports the idea you are developing? Your conclusion is the final paragraph of writing in an assignment.Introductions and conclusions play a special role in the academic essay, and they frequently demand much of your attention as a writer.A good introduction should identify your topic, provide essential context, and indicate your particular focus in the essay. A strong conclusion will provide a sense of closure to the essay while again placing your concepts in a somewhat wider context.An annotated bibliography, for example, typically provides neither.A book review may begin with a summary of the book and conclude with an overall assessment of it.A policy briefing usually includes an introduction but may conclude with a series of recommendations.Check your assignment carefully for any directions about what to include in your introduction or conclusion.An effective way to argue a point can be to present the opposing view first then counter this view with stronger evidence.Examples of this type of essay include assignments where you are given data such as a case study or scenario, a diagram, graphical information, or a picture and expected to interpret this information to demonstrate your application of knowledge when answering the task.Be aware, however, that different genres have their own special expectations about beginnings and endings.Some academic genres may not even require an introduction or conclusion.