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He graduated with a bachelor’s degree in 1656 and a master’s two years later, about which time he was elected a student (the equivalent of fellow) of Christ Church.
But the royalist days of Oxford were now behind it, and Cromwell’s Puritan followers filled most of the positions.
Cromwell himself was chancellor, and John Owen, Cromwell’s former chaplain, was vice-chancellor and dean.
John Locke was an English philosopher and political theorist who was born in 1632 in Wrington, Somerset, England, and died in 1704 in High Laver, Essex.
He is recognized as the founder of British empiricism and the author of the first systematic exposition and defense of political liberalism.
Although Locke was evidently a good student, he did not enjoy his schooling; in later life he attacked boarding schools for their overemphasis on corporal punishment and for the uncivil behaviour of pupils.
In his enormously influential work Christ Church, the largest of the colleges of the University of Oxford and the seat of the court of Charles I during the Civil Wars.
In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.
John Locke’s philosophy inspired and reflected Enlightenment values in its recognition of the rights and equality of individuals, its criticism of arbitrary authority (e.g., the divine right of kings), its advocacy of religious toleration, and its general empirical and scientific temperament.
Locke attended classes in iatrochemistry (the early application of chemistry to medicine), and before long he was collaborating with Boyle on important medical research on human blood.
Medicine from now on was to play a central role in his life.