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Huxley referred to Brave New World as a "negative utopia", somewhat influenced by Wells's own The Sleeper Awakes (dealing with subjects like corporate tyranny and behavioural conditioning) and the works of D. The events of the Depression in the UK in 1931, with its mass unemployment and the abandonment of the gold currency standard, persuaded Huxley to assert that stability was the "primal and ultimate need" if civilisation was to survive the present crisis.The Brave New World character Mustapha Mond, Resident World Controller of Western Europe, is named after Sir Alfred Mond.The humiliated Director resigns in shame before he can follow through with exiling Bernard.
His only friend is Helmholtz Watson, a gifted writer who finds it difficult to use his talents creatively in their pain-free society.
Bernard takes a holiday with Lenina outside the World State to a Savage Reservation in New Mexico, in which the two observe natural-born people, disease, the ageing process, other languages, and religious lifestyles for the first time (the culture of the village folk resembles the contemporary Native American groups of the region, descendants of the Anasazi, including the Puebloan peoples of Acoma, Laguna and Zuni).
Bernard and Lenina witness a violent public ritual and then encounter Linda, a woman originally from the World State who is living on the reservation with her son John, now a young man.
She, too, visited the reservation on a holiday many years ago, but became separated from her group and was left behind.
Bernard sees an opportunity to thwart plans to exile him, and gets permission to take Linda and John back.
On their return to London, John meets the Director and calls him his "father", a vulgarity which causes a roar of laughter.Ostracised by the villagers, John is able to articulate his feelings only in terms of Shakespearean drama, quoting often from The Tempest, King Lear, Othello, Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet.Linda now wants to return to London, and John, too, wants to see this "brave new world".Shortly before writing the novel, Huxley visited Mond's technologically advanced plant near Billingham, north east England, and it made a great impression on him.Huxley used the setting and characters in his science fiction novel to express widely held opinions, particularly the fear of losing individual identity in the fast-paced world of the future.He rushes to Linda's bedside, causing a scandal, as this is not the "correct" attitude to death.Some children who enter the ward for "death-conditioning" come across as disrespectful to John until he attacks one physically.Lenina Crowne, a hatchery worker, is popular and sexually desirable, but Bernard Marx, a psychologist, is not.He is shorter in stature than the average member of his high caste, which gives him an inferiority complex.Brave New World is a dystopian novel by English author Aldous Huxley, written in 1931 and published in 1932.Largely set in a futuristic World State, inhabited by genetically modified citizens and an intelligence-based social hierarchy, the novel anticipates huge scientific advancements in reproductive technology, sleep-learning, psychological manipulation, and classical conditioning, that are combined to make a utopian society which is challenged by only a single individual: the story's protagonist.