The actual components of an Introduction (including its length, complexity, and organization) will vary with the type of study being reported, the traditions of the research community or discipline in which it is based, and the style and tradition of the journal receiving the manuscript.It is helpful for the reviewer to evaluate the Introduction by thinking about its overall purpose and its individual components: problem statement, conceptual framework, and research question.
This may seem incongruous, because many research problems originate from practical educational or clinical activities.
Questions often arise such as “I wonder why such an event did not [or did] happen?
” For example, why didn't the residents' test-interpretation skills improve after they were given feedback?
There are also occasions when a study is undertaken simply to report or describe an event, e.g., pass rates for women versus men on high-stakes examinations such as the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1.
We do not ask why you are unable or not willing to do it on your own once you contact us with words like “Help me do my homework.” You must have your reasons, and our main concern is that you end up getting a good grade.
It does not matter to us, whether you are too busy at work, concentrating on a passion project, or simply tired of a seemingly infinite flow of assignments.However, in all cases the Introduction will engage, educate, and encourage the reader to finish the manuscript.2. Comparison of ambulatory knowledge of third-year students who learned in ambulatory settings with that of students who learned in inpatient settings. I never needed anyone to do my homework for me until I got a part-time job in college.Frameworks are usually more elaborate and detailed when the topics that are being studied have long scholarly histories (e.g., cognition, psychometrics) where active researchers traditionally embed their empirical work in well-established theories. To illustrate, a recent research report states, “The research addressed three questions.First, do students” pulmonary physiology concept structures change from random patterns before instruction to coherent, interpretable structures after a focused block of instruction?The purpose of the Introduction is to construct a logical “story” that will educate the reader about the study that follows. The order of the components may vary, with the problem statement sometimes coming after the conceptual framework, while in other reports the problem statement may appear in the first paragraph to orient the reader about what to expect. The Introduction should convince the reader, and all the more the reviewer, that the author has thought the topic through and has developed a tight, “researchable” problem.The Introduction should move logically from the known to the unknown.By contrast, much of the research in medical education is not experimental.In such cases it is more typical to state general research questions.