As Durkheim indicated in several essays, it was in Leipzig that he learned to appreciate the value of empiricism and its language of concrete, complex things, in sharp contrast to the more abstract, clear and simple ideas of the Cartesian method.
From this position Durkheim helped reform the French school system and introduced the study of social science in its curriculum. Durkheim's interest in social phenomena was spurred on by politics.
In his view, social science should be purely holistic; that is, sociology should study phenomena attributed to society at large, rather than being limited to the specific actions of individuals.
He remained a dominant force in French intellectual life until his death in 1917, presenting numerous lectures and published works on a variety of topics, including the sociology of knowledge, morality, social stratification, religion, law, education, and deviance.
Using the framework of Durkheim's Law of Social Gravity in the context of the suicide phenomenon, this paper discusses the relevance of the social theorist's discourse about society and social dynamics and its relationship with the individual.
More specifically, this paper studies the relationship of Durkheim's sociological theories in discussing the issues of gang behavior of the lower class youth and drug behavior among the middle-class youth, two examples of social integration and disintegration in the society, respectively.William James, John Dewey, Fustel de Coulanges, Jean-Marie Guyau, Charles Bernard Renouvier, John Stuart Mill Marcel Mauss, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Talcott Parsons, Maurice Halbwachs, Jonathan Haidt, Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, Bronisław Malinowski, Fernand Braudel, Pierre Bourdieu, Charles Taylor, Henri Bergson, Emmanuel Levinas, Steven Lukes, Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, E. Evans-Pritchard, Mary Douglas, Paul Fauconnet, Robert N.Bellah, Ziya Gökalp, David Bloor, Randall Collins, Neil Smelser 15 April 1858 – 15 November 1917) was a French sociologist. Du Bois, Karl Marx and Max Weber—is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science.Durkheim's seminal monograph, Suicide (1897), a study of suicide rates in Catholic and Protestant populations, pioneered modern social research and served to distinguish social science from psychology and political philosophy.The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (1912) presented a theory of religion, comparing the social and cultural lives of aboriginal and modern societies.He formally established the academic discipline and—with W. Much of Durkheim's work was concerned with how societies could maintain their integrity and coherence in modernity, an era in which traditional social and religious ties are no longer assumed, and in which new social institutions have come into being.His first major sociological work was The Division of Labour in Society (1893).This meant the first of many conflicts with the French academic system, which had no social science curriculum at the time.Durkheim found humanistic studies uninteresting, turning his attention from psychology and philosophy to ethics and eventually, sociology.Access to society journal content varies across our titles.If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box.