Occasionally, the government can create inflation simply by printing more cash. It created hyperinflation, and the money became worthless. The Federal Reserve controls expansionary monetary policy. When loans become cheap, too much money chases too few goods and creates inflation.
It expands the money supply by creating more credit with the use of its many tools. It's the amount of funds banks must keep on hand at the end of each day. The prices of everything increase, even though neither demand nor supply has changed.
It occurs when consumer demand for goods and services increases so much that it outstrips supply. They may not have time to build the manufacturing needed to boost supply. That expectation motivates consumers to spend more now to avoid future price increases. That's when the government either spends more or taxes less.
They may not have enough skilled workers to make it. Putting extra money in people's pockets increases demand and spurs inflation.
Deficit spending pumps money into certain segments of the economy. It delays the offsetting taxes and adds it to the debt.
It has no ill effect until the ratio of debt to gross domestic product approaches 90%.
Some people suggest that to deter these problems, government should increase the petrol prices.
As for as i am concerned, i am not on the same wavelength with this statement because there are other alternatives which can overcome with these issues.
That's what happened to oil refineries after Hurricane Katrina.
The depletion of natural resources is a growing cause of cost-push inflation. That created shortages in manufactured parts, with some producers raising prices.