Franklin was foundational in defining the American ethos as a marriage of the practical values of thrift, hard work, education, community spirit, self-governing institutions, and opposition to authoritarianism both political and religious, with the scientific and tolerant values of the Enlightenment.Tags: Financial Planning For Business OwnersProblem Solving Maths Ks1An Essay On Man AudiobookThesis Microsoft Word Index OutlineManagement Research PapersEssay About My Teenage LifeWhat Are Six Critical Questions In Critical ThinkingThe Threat Of Nuclear Weapons EssayReferences Research PaperLinear Algebra Solved Problems
– April 17, 1790) was an American polymath and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.
Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, Freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, humorist, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat.
When denied the chance to write a letter to the paper for publication, Franklin adopted the pseudonym of "Silence Dogood", a middle-aged widow. Dogood's letters were published, and became a subject of conversation around town.
Neither James nor the Courant's readers were aware of the ruse, and James was unhappy with Ben when he discovered the popular correspondent was his younger brother.
As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.
As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove, among other inventions.He attended Boston Latin School but did not graduate; he continued his education through voracious reading.Although "his parents talked of the church as a career" for Franklin, his schooling ended when he was ten.Dogood (quoting Cato's Letters) proclaim: "Without freedom of thought there can be no such thing as wisdom and no such thing as public liberty without freedom of speech." At age 17, Franklin ran away to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, seeking a new start in a new city.When he first arrived, he worked in several printer shops around town, but he was not satisfied by the immediate prospects.He worked for his father for a time, and at 12 he became an apprentice to his brother James, a printer, who taught Ben the printing trade.When Ben was 15, James founded The New-England Courant, which was the first truly independent newspaper in the colonies.Benjamin, their eighth child, was Josiah Franklin's fifteenth child and tenth and last son.Abiah Folger was born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, on August 15, 1667, to Peter Folger, a miller and schoolteacher, and his wife, Mary Morrell Folger, a former indentured servant.Among Benjamin's siblings were his older brother James and his younger sister Jane.Josiah wanted Ben to attend school with the clergy, but only had enough money to send him to school for two years.