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Let’s break them down and look at some examples of each, shall we?If you’ve ever heard the question, “And just who are you to tell me…?
Skel Eton, the average college student is at serious risk of back injuries due to carrying heavy textbooks.”Strategy 3 — Demonstrate your good will.
That is, show your audience that your motivation isn’t entirely self-serving and is for the greater good.
Andrew Dlugan at Six Minutes shares some killer ideas for tugging at your audience’s heartstrings–even though he’s targeting speech writers, most of these could easily apply to essay writing. “Students sluggishly plod across campus as they haul their burdens from class to class.” (“Plod” and “burdens” suggest a weariness that isn’t present if you write “walk” and “backpacks” instead.)Strategy 3 — Relate to your audience.
“Teachers and administrators also have to carry heavy books to and from class and their offices.
Strategy 1 — Make your audience feel something: pity, fear, joy, sadness, pain, etc.
“Her lower back screams as she lifts the heavy bag to her shoulders for the tenth time that day” evokes pity from the audience and puts it in a position to understand the subject’s pain.In it, he outlines three modes of persuasion: ethos, pathos, and logos.These three terms refer to three specific ways of appealing to an audience.Logical appeals are common in courtrooms, where evidence is used to support claims.Logos also has to do with the way an argument is put together, whether in speech or in writing.”, then you know that someone’s argument lacks ethical appeal.“Ethos” refers to one’s own character, image or reputation in the eyes of an audience. Politicians, for instance, rely heavily on ethical appeals and will toot their own horns relentlessly to establish themselves as trustworthy, credible individuals.You also see ethical appeals in television commercials: think about how many times you’ve heard things like “As a dentist, I recommend Sparkle Brite toothpaste…” Or think about how often you see actors donning white coats to hawk aspirin and other medications on TV.If you’ve ever seen one of Sarah Mc Lachlan’s ASPCA commercials and now tear up every time you hear “Angel” in passing, you’ve experienced the power of the pathetic appeal.(*Not “pathological,” as many believe.)“Logos” aren’t just brand symbols.In the context of rhetoric, logos refers to appeals to an audience’s sense of logic, reason, and rationality.To ensure that your argument hits all the right notes with all the right people, use these tips and strategies for enhancing your persuasive essay with ethos, pathos, and logos.Strategy 1 — Show that you have good character by establishing your own credibility: “As a busy and studious college student, I carry all 45 pounds of my books to and from class each day.” (You smart cookie, you.)Strategy 2 — Show that you have what Aristotle called “good sense” by citing reliable authorities — this demonstrates that even if you aren’t an expert yourself, you have the knowledge to find and sift through other credible information: “According to renowned orthopedic surgeon Dr.