European Colonization Of The Americas - Essay

I have always been interested in Native American culture and history for the longest time and now with this paper I get to really get an in depth look into an area I have limited information on.

No matter how bad and history can get, you can count on history, or at least raw history, whether you have to really dig for it or not, to tell the truth of what happened.

With carbon dating, Clovis sites were shown to range in age from about 11,000 to 11,400 years old several thousands of years older than any other sites in the Americas.

With their rapid spread over much of North America, the Clovis were titled the First Americans.

Over time, different Indian cultures evolved so that by the end of the Archaic, North America was a patchwork of differing cultures, languages, and societies. "As early as 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, societies in many places in North America began to do things differently: moving away from mainly egalitarian social systems to extremely complex, often highly stratified, soci-political systems; shifting from nomadic to sedentary settlement patterns and living in large, permanent villages and towns." (Bordewich, 1996) They experimented with a variety of North American plants, engaged in a wide range of environmental management practices, used fire; manufactured pottery; engaged in long distance trade.

On the other hand, many archaic period societies maintained an archaic way of life until less than 100 years ago.S.; others continued southward into northern Mexico; while other groups moved into the Great Basin and Southwestern regions of the U. In so doing they became the First Americans, or as the archaeologists call them, "the Paleo-Indians, and have been regarded as the ancestral populations to all of today's Native Americans." (Wilkins, 2011) The earliest and best-known of these "founders" are called the Clovis people, named after a site in New Mexico where, in the 1930s, "large, bifacial flaked stone spear points were found in direct association with mammoth bones.(Brien, 1989) Clovis hunters left their stone points and butchered animal bones at kill sites scattered across much of North America.The Formative period, beginning at between 3,000 - 5,000 years ago, witnessed a amass of native societies.Archaic trends became dominant themes during the formative.The Formative period ends with, or slightly before, the European colonization of North America.I is said "Slightly before" because there are notifications that before European settlement of North America, European fishers were regularly visiting the fishing grounds off of present-day Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and Maine."In the process, these fishers often came ashore to acquire water, food, timber, and fuel, and it's possible that they may also have infected the local Indian populations with diseases." (Wilkins, 2011) Given the lack of immunity to diseases, coupled with the dense population in northeastern North America, it's possible that disease were beginning to decimate many of the Formative period societies before actual European settlement.Native Americans in Colonization From the 16th through the 19th centuries, the population of Indians sharply declined.Introduction As the country of America keeps expanding and getting larger as well as more advanced, many people tend to forget where and how this nation was developed.The people of America trend to forget and not remember the history of the land as well as the indigenous people of this land.


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