This is most often a situation where a human being, supposedly endowed with free will, is taking a decision where he could perfectly have taken another, inverse decision.
The author then describes the current and past philosophical battlefield about the topic, which can vary whether the world is proven to be deterministic or non-deterministic.
Freud's famous theory of psychosexual stages development says that from the way a child is raised up, we can determine who and what he will become later in his life.
He believes that we, human beings pass through 4 stages in our childhoods, they are the oral stage; the anal stage; the phallic stage, and the latency stage. Middle They keep changing to get as much reward as they can to satisfy their needs.
In this stimulating and thought-provoking book, the author defends the thesis that free will is incompatible with determinism.
He disputes the view that determinism is necessary for moral responsbility.
He has taught previously at Syracuse University and was the president of the Society of Christian Philosophers from 2010 to 2013.
He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2005 and was President of the Central Division of the American Philosophical Association in 2008-2009.
The clearest definition borrows from the style Turing used to define Turing machines : describing a situation where free will must exist for that situation to happen.
This is most often a situation An excellent overview of the problem of free will, reviewed by a philosopher who spent most of his life thinking about it.