Scholars from USC and other leading universities conclude that rules on the books to increase fuel economy for passenger vehicles will do more good than harm, contradicting claims by the Trump administration as it seeks to roll back fuel economy standards.In a research paper that scrutinizes the cost-benefit methods used by federal officials to justify rolling back the regulations, the researchers conclude the government analysis is flawed and that it departs from accepted protocols.
our summary judgment is that the changes in the 2018 NPRM [notice of proposed rulemaking] are on balance misleading." Specifically, the study cited two key changes in the 2018 document that deviate from standard cost-benefit protocols.
First, the scientists say the economic analysis mistakenly concludes that relaxation of the rule will shrink the vehicle fleet by 6 million cars by 2029, which greatly skews the bottom line.
He is among a group of interdisciplinary scholars from leading universities who participated in the study, including experts from USC, Carnegie Mellon, Yale, the University of California and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, among others. A midterm review conducted in 2016 affirmed the benefits exceeded the costs and the measures would be technologically feasible.
In 2007, Congress adopted laws to require corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) to increase to 35 mpg by 2020. But this year under the Trump administration, the federal agencies reversed course, proposing rules to freeze CAFE standards at 2021 levels through 2025.
They found the analysis overlooked 6 million used cars, wiping out benefits estimated at least $112 billion.
The research findings, which are reported in today and will be presented to automakers and policymakers at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in Paris this week, are significant because they reflect best practices identified by leading, independent economists and engineers.
VTO supports work in these areas to improve overall vehicle fuel economy and reduce emissions: VTO carries out this research in partnership with industry through U. DRIVE for light-duty vehicles and 21st Century Truck Partnership for heavy-duty vehicles.
In addition, it works closely with its national laboratories, which offer a number of unique computing resources and research facilities.
By miscalculating the size of the auto fleet, the researchers say the report underestimates vehicle miles traveled, gasoline consumption, GHG emissions and traffic fatalities.
A correct estimate of fatalities alone represents a .7 billion savings, which the federal proposal omits.