A good way to practice this is to pay careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will see that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique leading to a gap for their own research.
How you present your argument is nearly as important as the argument itself, which is why it is imperative that your essay follows a logical structure.
A classic piece of advice is to “tell them what you are going to tell them, then tell them, and tell them what you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of your essay.
Having a clear and logical structure will help ensure that your essay stays focused, and doesn’t stray from the question being answered.
You should also make sure that all the different parts of your essay fit together as a cohesive and logical whole, and that the transition from one argument to the next is fluid.
Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one after the other with little consideration for how they fit together, which inevitably leads to a lower grade.Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value to the argument you are presenting.As you are writing, it’s good to take a step back and ask yourself “what value does this sentence/section add? ” If you find that you can’t answer that question, there is a high risk that you have strayed from your core argument, and you may want to reconsider the path you are taking.The Internet is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, making it tricky for students to find the advice they need when writing essays.So our academic experts have written the following tips for you to utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to ensure your writing hits the mark. These are some of the common phrases found in essay questions, and each indicates a different set of expectations. If you are asked to evaluate the usefulness of something, however, you don’t necessarily need to go into as much critical depth.It is important to show that you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a theoretical and applied level.In essence, the wording of the essay question will tell you how the essay should be written.Does the application of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid of the above – you need to take a critical approach and evaluate the literature, but your focus has to remain solidly on the theories that you have been asked to compare and contrast.The following table may be a useful aid: By setting deadlines for yourself and committing to stick to them, you are ensuring that you won’t be left with too much work right before your hand-in date.It is also important that you leave time, ideally a couple of days, between finishing your first draft and proofreading.