You might introduce the main subject of the essay and why it is an important topic.
You may also provide definitions for any ambiguous terms or concepts.
Introduction paragraphs are usually about 5% of your essay word count.
In clearly-written sentences, the writer gives some background on the main topic; explains the academic problem and tells the reader what to expect in the rest of the essay.
Your introduction may also provide an outline of the key argument(s) presented in the essay and how you are planning to answer the question.
An introduction usually makes up 5–10% of your whole essay, although there is no absolute rule.Figure 1: A pattern for introduction paragraphs Read the following question and the sample introduction paragraph.The sentences are in the wrong order for an introduction paragraph. Some students who enrol in university studies have difficulties with their writing skills.The first paragraph might consist of just the attention grabber and some narrative about the problem.Then you might have one or more paragraphs that provide background on the main topics of the paper and present the overall argument, concluding with your thesis statement.Discuss the reasons for this problem and critically assess the effectiveness of university intervention writing programs.Because poor writing skills can affect students’ success in tertiary education, it is important that writing problems are understood so that university assistance programs are adequate.Try to write your introduction straight from your question analysis, then review it many times while you are writing the body of the essay—this will help you to keep your essay on target (i.e. Note that most introductions generally only include references if definitions are taken from an information source.The introduction to an essay is rather like a formal social introduction: How do you do!For example, if an ASO consultant comes to a lecture to do a guest presentation, it would be good practice to be introduced in a meaningful way: This is Mary Bloggs The introduction is usually ‘funnel shaped’. Then, it narrows to the thesis statement or the part of the topic that will be specifically addressed in the essay (sentence 2).The last sentence of the paragraph usually outlines the main points that will be covered in the essay (sentence 3).