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in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, 1933 - when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany - to May 8, 1945, when the war in Europe officially ended.During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsher persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,000,000 Jews (1.5 million of these being children) and the destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities.
They arrested their leaders and banned their political meetings.
Then, in the midst of the election campaign, on February 27, 1933, the Reichstag building burned.
The Jews, the Nazis claimed, who were heavily represented in finance, commerce, the press, literature, theater, and the arts, had weakened Germany’s economy and culture.
The massive government-supported propaganda machine created a racial anti-Semitism, which was different from the longstanding anti-Semitic tradition of the Christian churches. The word Aryan, “derived from the study of linguistics, which started in the eighteenth century and at some point determined that the Indo-Germanic (also known as Aryan) languages were superior in their structures, variety, and vocabulary to the Semitic languages that had evolved in the Near East.
Rather, they were the victims of Germany’s deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population of Europe, a plan Hitler called the “Final Solution” ().
Billy Elliot Into The World Thesis - Introduction To Holocaust Essay
After its defeat in World War I, Germany was humiliated by the Versailles Treaty, which reduced its prewar territory, drastically reduced its armed forces, demanded the recognition of its guilt for the war, and stipulated it pay reparations to the allied powers.Hitler began to restrict the Jews with legislation and terror, which entailed burning books written by Jews, removing Jews from their professions and public schools, confiscating their businesses and property and excluding them from public events.The most infamous of the anti-Jewish legislation were the Nuremberg Laws, enacted on September 15, 1935.Massive inflation followed by very high unemployment heightened existing class and political differences and began to undermine the government.On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler, leader of the National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party, was named chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg after the Nazi party won a significant percentage of the vote in the elections of 1932.With the German Empire destroyed, a new parliamentary government called the Weimar Republic was formed.The republic suffered from economic instability, which grew worse during the worldwide depression after the New York stock market crash in 1929.The Nazis claimed the Jews corrupted pure German culture with their “foreign” and “mongrel” influence.They portrayed the Jews as evil and cowardly, and Germans as hardworking, courageous, and honest.Soon after he became chancellor, Hitler called for new elections in an effort to get full control of the Reichstag, the German parliament, for the Nazis.The Nazis used the government apparatus to terrorize the other parties.