Tags: Term Paper About AdvertisingHow To Do Market Analysis For Business PlanA Level English Literature Coursework EssaysElements Of Thought Critical ThinkingWriting A Newspaper Report Primary SchoolInterior Design Dissertation TopicsPoint Of Origin EssayAnalysis Essay RubricOwl Essay Writing
Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white passenger on a city bus.
If the white section became full, African Americans had to give up their seats in the back.
When Parks refused to move to give her seat to a white rider, she was taken to jail; she was later bailed out by a local civil rights leader.
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.
Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!
The success in Montgomery inspired other African American communities in the South to protest racial discrimination and galvanized the direct nonviolent resistance phase of the civil rights movement.
Introduction Describe the impact of the Montgomery bus boycott During the 1940s and 1950s there was little practical progress made in civil rights, NAACP had been concentrating on, ironically, lawful ways to fix what was wrong with the justice system, they had been focusing on court cases and representation.
In addition, Montgomery had an active branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), where Parks also worked as a secretary.
Although Parks was not the first resident of Montgomery to refuse to give up her seat to a white passenger, local civil rights leaders decided to capitalize on her arrest as a chance to challenge local segregation laws.
Parks decided she did not want to give up her seat for a black man and was subsequently arrested, her arrest and trial sparked outrage across the black community and there was a call for action, for something direct to be done. Middle They weren't great leaders or powerful people, they were plain and responsible citizens, this allowed others across the United States to empathise with them, with their calm manner they seemed as if they were in the right, making the Montgomery council seem stubborn, unfair and wrong. The shock value to the white community had a huge impact, many were surprised at how well the boycott had been organised and pulled off, for some it improved their view of African Americans, but as ever with extreme situations it polarised opinions and popularity of white civil councils rose, with membership increasing.
However the boycott would have frightened the white community, it threatened their livelihood, most of the people who used the buses were black, and without them the bus owners could go bankrupt.