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This is where the parts of thinking or reasoning are deconstructed.The Elements of Reasoning provide the basis of analyzing the structures present in thought.
However, the Paul-Elder framework utilizes an everyday language.
Models such as Toulnin, Bloom’s Taxonomy, and Brookfield Five Phase Model are not as comprehensive and do not offer as many high-quality resources. First, the “Elements of Reasoning” (also known as “Elements of Thought”) focus on the building blocks of thinking.
It presupposes assent to rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use.
It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism The earliest documentation of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato.
The Paul-Elder framework is a comprehensive model that offers high quality resources such as online courses and guides.
It defines specific cognitive skills including metacognition.Development of strong intellectual traits (such as fair-mindedness, intellectual integrity) requires habitual use of the elements of thought or reasoning (such as assumptions, concepts, points of view) held to specified intellectual standards (such as clarity, accuracy, depth).Hovering the mouse over any portion of the image will provide additional information about each of the critical thinking components in the Paul-Elder model.Students are required to use the following procedure for reviewing their articles.The review document is available in several formats: docx , odp , pdf Students document their responses to the following questions and readily report these in class: Note: Faculty members can choose to use an abbreviated list of items for students to focus on while reviewing articles, news, or other multimedia content.He established the method of questioning beliefs, closely inspecting assumptions and relying on evidence and sound rationale.Plato recorded Socrates' teachings and carried on the tradition of critical thinking. Beyer (1995), critical thinking means making clear, reasoned judgments.His method of questioning is now known as "Socratic questioning" and is the best known critical thinking teaching strategy.In his mode of questioning, Socrates highlighted the need for thinking for clarity and logical consistency.They need to be able to identify the "parts" of their thinking, and they need to be able to assess their use of these parts of thinking , as follows: The question can then be raised, "What appropriate intellectual standards do students need to assess the 'parts' of their thinking?" There are many standards appropriate to the assessment of thinking as it might occur in this or that context, but some standards are virtually universal (that is, applicable to all thinking): clarity, precision, accuracy, relevance, depth, breadth, and logic.