At sea, the powerful Royal Navy blockaded American ports, cutting off trade and allowing the British to raid the coast at will.
At sea, the powerful Royal Navy blockaded American ports, cutting off trade and allowing the British to raid the coast at will.In 1814, one of these raids burned the capital, but the Americans later repulsed British attempts to invade New York and Maryland, ending invasions from Canada into the northern and mid-Atlantic states.In 1813, the Americans won the Battle of Lake Erie, gaining control of the lake, and they defeated Tecumseh's Confederacy at the Battle of the Thames, securing a primary war goal.Tags: Free Examples Of Business PlansSport Science Dissertation IdeasCollection Conrad Critical EssayBusiness Plan Template Open OfficeDissertation On Football HooliganismEdward Glaser Critical ThinkingEnglish Poetry Analysis EssayHumorous Essay
Historians debate whether the desire to annex some or all of British North America (Canada) contributed to the American decision to go to war.
However, the Western interest was in expansion into American territories such as Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin, where they were threatened by Indians supported by the British.
American prosecution of the war effort suffered from its unpopularity, especially in New England, where it was referred to as "Mr. American defeats at the Siege of Detroit and the Battle of Queenston Heights thwarted attempts to seize Upper Canada, improving British morale.
American attempts also failed to invade Lower Canada and capture Montreal.
The British Navy, therefore, considered any American citizen liable for impressment if he was born British.
Persuasive Essay On War Of 1812
Aggravating the situation was the United States' reluctance to issue formal naturalization papers, and the widespread use of unofficial or forged identity or protection papers among sailors.From the outbreak of war with Napoleonic France, Britain had enforced a naval blockade to choke off neutral trade to France, which the US contested as illegal under international law.To man the blockade, Britain pressed American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy.In 1807, Britain introduced a series of trade restrictions via the Orders in Council to impede neutral trade with France, whom Britain was fighting in the Napoleonic Wars.The United States contested these restrictions as illegal under international law.American sentiment grew increasingly hostile toward Britain due to incidents such as the Chesapeake–Leopard affair, which happened five years before the war.The British were in turn outraged by the Little Belt affair in 1811, in which 11 British sailors died.The British were then able to increase the strength of the blockade on the United States coast, smothering American maritime trade, but their attempts failed to invade America, at which point both sides began to desire peace.Peace negotiations began in August 1814, and the Treaty of Ghent was signed on December 24, 1814.Historian Reginald Horsman states that "a large section of influential British opinion, both in the government and in the country, thought that America presented a threat to British maritime supremacy." The American merchant marine had nearly doubled between 18, making it by far the largest neutral fleet.Britain was the largest trading partner, receiving 80-percent of American cotton and 50-percent of other American exports, and the British public and press were resentful of the growing mercantile and commercial competition.