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Jefferson said that instead of putting the Bible and Testament into the hands of children at an age when their judgments are not sufficiently matured for religious inquiries, their memories may here be stored with the most useful facts from Grecian, Roman, European and American history.Furthermore, those appointed to oversee these schools should not be ministers of the gospel of any denomination.The Justices established three criteria to evaluate the legality of an activity in such places as public schools: • it must be secular in nature • it must neither advance nor prohibit religion • there must be no "excessive entanglement" of government and religion In the Engel v.
It was not initially passed by the state legislature, but became the prototype for public education in other states, beginning with Massachusetts and Connecticut.
Two important features of this plan were to teach the values of the newly formed republic and to be secular; that is, to be religiously neutral.
And despite the First Amendment, Jack Kemp, the 1996 Republican vice-presidential candidate, stated that the Ten Commandments should be posted in every school in America (qtd in Conn 5).
Counterargument The first person to devise a plan for 3 years of free public supported education in America (for White children) was Thomas Jefferson in Virginia.
The thesis statement is, “In the contemporary world of loss of morality, degrading of the school’s system, and lack of strong educational and moral principles among students, it is crucial to initiate prayer in public schools in order to form basis for pupils’ successful spirituality development”. By taking this right away the government violates the children’s rights. The Bible specifically instructs that children have the right to pray whenever and wherever they wish (Matt. United States calls itself a country that respects God, thus the words of God should be at least adhered to B. What these ruling presented was that, to uphold the First Amendment’s claims, no official or unofficial sponsorship was to be connected with the prayer in any school in America. All US judicial system is based on the precedent B.
The twofold politics of allowing prayer in some places and prohibiting it in others can’t be justified c. If the past experience reveals that prayer was allowed in schools, why prohibit it now? The government is likely to benefit from the prayer in public schools A.In his book The New World Order Robertson described what has brought about, in his mind, this "decadence" of today's public schools and society: The Supreme Court of the supposedly Christian United States guaranteed the moral collapse of this nation when it forbade children in the public schools to pray to the God of Jacob, to learn of His moral law or even view in their classrooms the heart of the law, the Ten Commandments, which children must obey for their own good or disobey at their peril. Ralph Reed proclaimed that "children are denied the right to pray in public schools" (41).Some time earlier, Jerry Falwell wrote, "I am forced to believe that the decay of the public school system accelerated into a downward spiral when prayer and Bible reading were removed by the U. President Ronald Reagan said in his February 5, 1986, State of the Union message that state had to give back to American children their lost right to acknowledge God in their classrooms.These were religious exercises and thus constituted an establishment of religion, which violated the rights of children who came from families with different or no religious beliefs.Furthermore, Justice Tom Clark stated clearly in Abington v.The counterargument is provided in order to illustrate the opposite vies on the subject.The paper provides opposite views to having prayer in public schools because it is essential to discuss two sides of the argument to make the topic clear and understandable. Religion and government (this section offers an overview of the relationships between the state and religion from the historical and contemporary points of view) 5."Public education in America..destroying democracy in America," claimed Pat Robertson (The New World Order 216).This scholar argues that public schools are in the "stranglehold" of the National Education Association, which "is not interested in education, but in power and money" (Robertson, The turning tide 226).Religion and government Martin Marty noted that religion is not confined to formal institutions, but is "increasingly diffused throughout the culture" (11).The problem for courts and public institutions, then, becomes how broadly is religion to be defined and "where does religion stop? The Court has also recognized that religion is such an integral part of society that it cannot be totally removed from state functions. Kurtzman the "Lemon test" was created as a means of clarifying the issue.