When you are comparing two groups, the groups are the independent variable.
When you are testing whether something affects something else, the cause is the independent variable. Therefore, teacher pay is the independent variable (cause) and attitude towards school is the dependent variable (outcome).
This section outline how to lay out the parts of a research paper, including the various experimental methods and designs.
The principles for literature review and essays of all types follow the same basic principles.
As long as you have planned a good structure for the parts of a research paper, both approaches are acceptable and it is a matter of preference.
A good introduction generally consists of three distinct parts: Ideally, you should try to give each section its own paragraph, but this will vary given the overall length of the paper.For many students, writing the introduction is the first part of the process, setting down the direction of the paper and laying out exactly what the research paper is trying to achieve.For others, the introduction is the last thing written, acting as a quick summary of the paper.Write the statement such that a relationship does not exist or a difference does not exist and you have the null hypothesis.You can reverse the process if you have a hypothesis and wish to write a research question.The third part should give the reader a quick summary of the form that the parts of the research paper is going to take and should include a condensed version of the discussion.This should be the easiest part of the paper to write, as it is a run-down of the exact design and methodology used to perform the research.You are also trying to explain why you chose this area of research, attempting to highlight why it is necessary.The second part should state the purpose of the experiment and should include the research problem.Whilst there are a few differences between the various disciplines, with some fields placing more emphasis on certain parts than others, there is a basic underlying structure.These steps are the building blocks of constructing a good research paper.