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Download this Handout PDF College writing often involves integrating information from published sources into your own writing in order to add credibility and authority–this process is essential to research and the production of new knowledge.However, when building on the work of others, you need to be careful not to plagiarize: “to steal and pass off (the ideas and words of another) as one’s own” or to “present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.”1 The University of Wisconsin–Madison takes this act of “intellectual burglary” very seriously and considers it to be a breach of academic integrity. These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published sources into your own writing.For instance, if you are writing a paper about a colorful public personality, you may want to include a particularly provocative quote made by that person that illustrates their personality.
Using quotation marks This style is appropriate for short quotations, particularly those of a few words which are incorporated into the syntax of your own sentences.
Either use single quotation marks on the outside of the quotation, double quotation marks for quotation within quotation, or .
If you quote as a complete sentence a group of words which does not form a complete sentence in the original, you must indicate this by inserting three dots where appropriate and/or by putting square brackets round any material whose status you have changed for the purposes of 'punctuating in', e.g.
a letter which you have changed from lower to upper case. XIV) If you want to miss out any material from the original, or finish the quotation before the end of a sentence in the original, place three dots (with a space before and after) in the location of the omitted material.
See the grammar page under .) It is perfectly permissible to make changes to a quoted text, so long as you indicate that you have done so (and if the changes are important, you should actually list them, appropriately in a footnote).
For example, you might wish to quote a text in translation, but be unhappy with some aspects of the published translation you have to hand.
When using sources in your papers, you can avoid plagiarism by knowing what must be documented.
If you use an author’s specific word or words, you must place those words within quotation marks and you must credit the source.
Thirdly, and perhaps most importantly from an immediate and practical point of view, if you don't acknowledge your sources you may, in the case of work submitted as part of an examination, be convicted of plagiarism, which is a very serious offence: it carries a range of discretionary penalties from deduction of marks from the relevant assessment unit to disqualification of the candidate from the award of a degree.
The second reason is that helpful quotation and reference make your sources available to your readers so that they can form their own opinion about them: you should always aim to make your own judgements open to that kind of scrutiny.