We hypothesized that participants who had committed to spending their endowment on others would behave more generously in the decision-making task as well as self-report greater increases in happiness as compared to the control group.
We hypothesized that participants who had committed to spending their endowment on others would behave more generously in the decision-making task as well as self-report greater increases in happiness as compared to the control group.Tags: Tips For Writing A Literature ReviewResearch Proposal For PhdPolitics Dissertation Literature ReviewPersuasive Essay Writing AssignmentsScience Dissertation ExamplesPay To Write Research Paper
Participants promised to spend money over the next 4 weeks either on others (experimental group) or on themselves (control group).
Here, we report that, compared to controls, participants in the experimental group make more generous choices in an independent decision-making task and show stronger increases in self-reported happiness.
Generous behaviour is known to increase happiness, which could thereby motivate generosity.
In this study, we use functional magnetic resonance imaging and a public pledge for future generosity to investigate the brain mechanisms that link generous behaviour with increases in happiness.
In each trial, the participants were presented with an option that they could accept or reject.
Each option was a combination of the benefits for the other person and the participants’ own costs.In the present study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (f MRI) to investigate how generosity is linked to happiness on the neural level.To induce generous behaviour, we used the powerful method of a public pledge.We asked half of the participants to commit to spending this money on other people (experimental group) and half of the participants to commit to spending the money on themselves (control group).In addition, we assessed the participants’ subjective happiness upon their arrival at the laboratory (T1), that is, before they had made the commitment, and after scanning, that is, at the end of the experiment (T2).For these reasons, standard economic theory fails to explain generous behaviour.Research in the field of psychology suggests that a possible motive for generous behaviour is the increased happiness with which it is associated found that spending money on others predicted an increase in happiness.First, we informed all participants that they would receive weekly monetary endowments.Participants in the experimental group were asked to commit to spending their endowment on others during the next 4 weeks, while participants in the control group were asked to commit to spending their endowment on themselves.(b) After the participants had made the commitment, they were asked to select one person to whom they wanted to give a present.Then they performed an independent decision-making task in the MRI scanner.