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World leaders and international organisations have slowly woken up to the impact of the most prevalent infectious diseases.The World Health Organisation has declared TB, HIV and malaria global emergencies.
The first seeks to expand on the development challenge of poverty, inequality, and unemployment as noted above.It is widely accepted that the key reason for the increase in life expectancy in wealthy countries in the late 19th and early 20th century was less to do with the leaps forward in medical science, and more to do with the arrival of better nutrition, clean water and sanitation.Reducing poverty, improving nutrition and making sure people have access to safe water and sanitation, as well as strengthening national health systems, is of the utmost importance.Poverty is both a cause and a consequence of poor health. Poor health, in turn, traps communities in poverty.Infectious and neglected tropical diseases kill and weaken millions of the poorest and most vulnerable people each year.The last section presents probable solutions to the youth unemployment crisis taking note of initiatives already in existence and others that could be borrowed from other developing countries. South Africa's triple challenge of unemployment, poverty and, inequality In describing South Africa's key development challenges; the World Bank (2013) reports that South Africa remains a dual economy with one of the highest inequality rates in the world, poverty remains deeply entrenched in many parts of the country, and widespread exclusion and unemployment remain stubborn challenges on the economic landscape.This description almost mirrors that of the South African government.Poverty and poor health worldwide are inextricably linked.The causes of poor health for millions globally are rooted in political, social and economic injustices.Otherwise tackling one particular threat simply leaves people open to another deadly disease soon afterward.Tackling the structural causes of poverty and poor health, for example calling for measures to tackle inequality and injustices such as corporate tax evasion, are central to what is needed from the global community.