Thesis In 3d Cadastre

Thesis In 3d Cadastre-79
Obtaining data is only one part of the process from moving from a 2D to a 3D Cadastre.A workflow, preferably digital, also needs to be determined to support this.

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In this case the only way to clarify the status of the ownerships and to visualize the position of the properties, is 3 D registration and representation.

4 3 D CADASTRES IN ISRAEL A cadastral map that illustrates the tunnel design under the cadastral 2 D parcel in Block Number 16353 in Israel All the sub-parcels that have been produced by intersecting the 3 D regular parcel with the tunnel and the station objects, may be united together in order to produce the main 3 D parcel of the tunnel.

Cadastral framework: once the legal status of property in 3D situations has been established and described in deeds and in field works that are archived in the land registration, the next issues are how to register the rights and restrictions to property (bounded in three dimesnions) in the cadastral registration and how to provide information on the legal status of 3D property situations?

Technical framework: what system architecture (computer hardware, software, data structures) is needed to support cadastral registration in 3D situations? Traditionally, cadastral registrations consisted of a set of cadastral maps containing cadastral parcels with (mostly) unique parcel numbers and a paper archive in which property information on parcels was maintained.

While this generous framework encompasses a wide range of eventualities, it does not prescribe the data format.

One existing source from which data could be obtained is 3D Building Information Models (BIMs), or more specifically in this context, Building SMART’s Industry Foundation Class (IFC).To begin with, the fact that the Industry Foundation Class (IFC) has more than 800 entities means that there is more than one way to satisfy the requirements of cadastral legal spaces.In addition to being large, it leaves options open for adapting the model without entering into the lengthy process of changing it.uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. This digital workflow would determine what the 3D Cadastre needs from a 3D IFC BIM and the process of extracting it in addition to exchange requirements.Foundations, however, would need to be laid in order to facilitate this process.Coordinates for each corner are provided 17 3 D CADASTRES IN NORWAY New Law on Cadastre • A new law to replace The Subdivision Act has been in the making since 1998.It is now approved in the Parliament, but the law will not be enacted before 2007 • This law does not make any property three-dimensional, but it opens up for the creation of special “construction parcels”.6 3 D CADASTRES IN SWEDEN • Sweden introduced a new type of property called 3 D-property in a new law enacted in 2004 • The idea was that you could separate the apartments in buildings from the lower commercial part • It is possible to create bridges, tunnels and caverns as 3 D-properties • These 3 D-properties can be limited on all sides 8 3 D CADASTRES IN NORWAY The Cadastral System of Norway • The present law on subdivision from 1978 had no provision for three- dimensional parcels so the City of Oslo established a system called the Oslo Method in 1987 based on an agreement between the City of Oslo and the local court • About 100 underground parcels have been registered since • An underground parcel is precisely defined in all three dimensions and ownership is limited to the constructed volume only • Special register number, since 300 are added to the area number of the surface parcel • Underground parcels may also be surveyed, but usually we accept the contractors drawings • Survey certificates are always made and used to register the new parcels in the national property register 11 3 D CADASTRES IN NORWAY Survey certificate for underground parcel 521/1.This is a complicated parcel with many different top levels, but only one bottom level.


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